# How to Select the Right Light Pipe Homogenizing Rod

Much like optical fibers, light pipe homogenizing rods utilize total internal reflection (TIR) to transmit light from the entrance to the exit of the light pipe. The substrate’s refractive index is the only factor that influences the light pipe’s critical angle, which defines the angle of acceptance at which TIR will occur. Light pipes designed specifically for high NA, standard NA, and low NA light sources will have the same acceptance angle if designed with the same substrate.

The critical angle $\small{\left( \theta_c \right)}$ calculated using Equation 1:

(1)$$\theta_c= \sin^{-1} \! \left(\frac{1}{n}\right)$$

In the case of an N-BK7 light pipe, the index of refraction at Helium’s d-line of 587.9nm is 1.517, resulting in a $\small{ \theta_c }$ of 41°. If the incident angle is greater than $\small{\theta_c }$, TIR will occur and light will be transmitted throughout the light pipe (Figure 1).

Since light rays enter a light pipe at a variety of incident angles, the number of reflections inside the light pipe differs from ray to ray. The smallest incident angle, which is equal to $\small{ \theta_c }$, will have more reflections than light entering at an incident angle that is many times larger than $\small{ \theta_c}$ within the same length light pipe (Figure 2).

Due to low NA light sources having a larger number of rays greater than $\small{\theta_c}$ than high NA light sources, low NA light pipes are longer than high NA light pipes and are recommended for light sources with narrow beam divergence.

Note: Light pipes are not designed for use with collimated laser sources. To homogenize collimated light sources, Microlens Arrays or flat-top laser beam shapers are recommended. Light pipes are ideal for homogenizing polychromatic sources that emit non-collimated light.

##### Figure 2: Small Incident Angles Have More Reflections than Large Incident Angles
War dieser Inhalt nützlich für Sie?

Erfahren Sie mehr über die optische Theorie der Geometrie von Prismen um zu wissen, welches das jeweils beste Prisma für Ihre Anwendungen ist.

Ob Sie ein Prisma für eine Bildverschiebung, zur Laserstrahlausrichtung oder Dispersion benötigen: Wir haben eine optische Komponente entsprechend Ihrem Bedarf oder können sie für Sie anfertigen.

Homogenize non-uniform UV or visible light sources. Hexagonal or tapered configurations available.

What is interference? How does Snell’s Law work? Read this easy- to-follow, introductory content for anyone interested in learning the foundations of optical theory.

Prismen werden dazu genutzt den Strahlengang zu falten oder Bilder zu drehen. Erfahren Sie mehr über die wichtigsten Konzepte um zu wissen, wann ein Prisma für Sie hilfreich ist.

Vertrieb & Beratung

weitere regionale Telefonnummern
Einfaches
ANGEBOTSTOOL
Geben Sie zum Starten die Produktnummer ein.

×